computer engineering, a hardware description language (HDL) is a specialized computer language used to describe the structure and behavior of electronic circuits.
Programming Language Definition:
A programming language is a set of commands, instructions, and other syntax use to create a software program. Languages that programmers use to write code are called “high-level languages.” This code can be compiled into a “low-level language,” which is recognized directly by the computer hardware.
A programming language is a formal language, which comprises a set of instructions that produce various kinds of output. Programming languages are used in computer programming to implement algorithms.
Most programming languages consist of instructions for computers. There are programmable machines that use a set of specific instructions, rather than general programming languages.
Best Programming Language Robotics:
New roboticists will ask at least once in their career. Unfortunately, it’s also a question that doesn’t have a simple answer. In this post, we’ll look at the top 10 most popular programming languages used in robotics. We’ll discuss their strengths and weaknesses, as well as reasons for and against using them.
Best Languages for Embedded Systems Programming:
Since programmers face different resource constraints during embedded systems programming, they often tend to choose languages that have a very low memory footprint. Old-school programming languages that offer very low-level access to hardware are the best fit for such developments. Below, we’re outlining the 15 best languages for programming your next embedded system.
One of the most powerful computer programming languages to emerge ever, C is the de-facto choice when it comes to embedded systems programming. This is not a surprising fact at all due to the low-level access this language provides.
The low memory usage of a compiled C program is also a factor behind C’s acceptance as the best-embedded systems programming language. Also, this statically typed language also offers a speed matched by no other programming languages.
If C is the go-to solution for embedded systems programming for newcomers, C++ definitely suites more to seasoned developers. This amazingly fast language, like C, offers not only access to low-level system resources but also makes sure the memory stack is free from unnecessary system calls. Thanks to its uniform offering of the object-oriented programming paradigm, veteran developers can achieve a lot more with C++ than its predecessor.
Java is not only a feasible solution for traditional desktop software but also a great candidate for embedded systems programming. Thanks to its stable nature and availability of numerous dev tools, Java programs are usually hailed in high regard within the embedded systems developers. Moreover, once you write your embedded system program with Java, you can easily port it across different IoT platforms, all thanks to its innovative implementation of the JVM.
After establishing itself as a major player in the Web and Enterprise world, Python has been gaining momentum as a key embedded systems programming language in recent years.
As microcontrollers are getting robust every day, It’s quite easy to run Python programs inside embedded devices nowadays. And its concise and readable coding style makes Python the go-to solution for building embedded systems for new programmers. Python gives developers the ability to write quick programs for their embedded systems.
Arguably one of the best-embedded systems programming languages, Ada has been battle-tested for over three decades now. It is a statically typed programming language that was built keeping real-time embedded systems in mind and supports multiple programming paradigms.
Despite being an old school language, Ada offers an innovative approach to modularity, parallel processing, exception handling, and generics. The high-level type-safe memory management offered by Ada makes it a perfect solution for developing embedded systems that require a very low memory footprint.
Go, short for Golang is a cutting edge programming language from the web behemoth Google. It is a statically typed compiled language suitable for embedded systems programming for its memory safety and CSP-style concurrency.
Go combines the low-level features presented in C and C++ in a more modern and elegant way. It can increase the versatility of your latest embedded systems if utilized correctly. The structural typing feature offered by Go makes sure your embedded systems don’t catch unwanted runtime errors.
Lua is one of the primary languages developed keeping embedded systems programming in mind. It is a lightweight, multi-paradigm programming language that is easily extensible and supports multiple platforms out of the box. Lua offers a clear and straightforward syntax with very low memory footprint – thus making itself the ideal candidate for building real-time embedded systems. The excellent data description feature of Lua also makes it equally suitable as a configuration language.
One of the best-embedded systems programming languages that we’ve got our hands on in recent times is B#. This language is derived from the C family of programming languages and is developed at the Bell Labs by the same authors of C. It’s a considerably small language consisting of a tiny core and has supports for the object-oriented paradigm. You can also control multiple threads quite easily with B#.
You should not be surprised seeing Assembly being widely used in embedded systems programming. As Assembly provides the most low-level access to electronic components, it can easily be used in developing modern real-time embedded programs for IoT devices. Assembly code translates directly into native machine code, a combination of primitive system instructions that are consisted of 0’s and 1’s only.
C# is widely popular for building enterprise software. However, this innovative programming language is also used heavily for developing embedded systems for industrial purposes. With its strongly typed, component-oriented programming style, C# encompasses many useful features for embedded systems programming. Moreover, as Microsoft maintains this embedded systems programming language, you can easily find tons of documentation on this language.
As the name suggests, Embedded C++ is a subset of the C++ programming language aimed at facilitating embedded systems programming solely.
The dialect includes only the parts of C++ that are used heavily in the embedded systems community and omits key C++ features like exception handling, multiple inheritances, namespaces, templates, and virtual base classes.
Key Japanese CPU manufacturers like Hitachi, Fujitsu, and Toshiba collaborated to built this C++ dialect. Notable companies like Apple utilize this embedded systems programming language for developing the device drivers of their Mac OS